The Tektronix 7A13 is a "differential comparator" vertical plug-in for 7000-series scopes, i.e. a fast differential amplifier with adjustable DC offset. It is one of the first 7000 series plugins. It was designed by Bill DeVey and released along with the first 7000-series scopes in 1969/1970, and was made until the 7000 series was retired in 1992.
Older versions display the comparison (offset) voltage through a mechanical dial, newer versions (from 1976 on) through an LED panel meter. In addition, this voltage is brought out through a front panel connector so it can be measured externally.
In differential mode, a +/-10 V common mode signal can be present at the inputs without attenuation. Either input can be switched to the comparison voltage, which is settable to four digits by a 10-step switch and a 10-turn potentiometer. In this comparator mode, the offset range is effectively 10,000 divisions.
On the 1 mV/Div to 50 mV/Div ranges, the gate resistors can be disabled by an internal switch, raising DC input impedance to "approximately infinite" (as indicated by a front panel lamp).
|Bandwidth||100 MHz (in 7700 or faster mainframes)|
|Rise time||3.5 ns|
|Deflection factor||1 mV/Div – 5 V/Div (1–2–5 sequence)|
|Common Mode range||at least +10 V / -10 V from 1 mV/Div to 5 mV/Div, +100 V / -100 V from 10 mV/Div to 50 mV/Div, +500 V / -500 V from 100 mV/Div to 5 V/Div|
|Overdrive Recovery||to within 2 mV in 1µs (at 1 mV/Div)|
|CMRR||at least 10,000:1 for 10 Vp-p or less, 100 kHz to 1 MHz, decreasing to 500:1 at 10 MHz with 1 Vp-p, 200:1 at 20 MHz with 1 Vp-p|
|Input impedance||1 MΩ // 20 pF|
|Comparison voltage||0 V — +/-10 V|
|Vc reading accuracy||
Mechanical version: 0.1% of reading + 5 mV
|Warmup time||5 minutes for short-term measurements, 1 hour for best stability|
The power consumption of a 7A13 was measured to be:
- +50V: 75mA
- -50V: 66mA
- +15V: 238mA
- -15V: 204mA
- +5V (logic): 279mA
- +5V (lights): 228mA
In the older version, the comparison voltage is generated from a precision zener supplied from either positive or negative 50 V rail, followed by a 10-step switched divider made of 0.1% resistors to select the first digit. For the lower three digits, a ten-turn potentiometer with a mechanical digital readout is used. The V/Div switch changes the decimal point on the readout, which is implemented through small light bulbs above the dial with plastic light guides to make the decimal point appear between the digits. In contrast to the back-lit switches, the decimal point lamps are supplied from logic +5 V so they work also in mainframes without switch light supplies, e.g. the 76x3s.
In the newer version, the zener-derived reference voltage is always positive. A 10-turn pot for coarse selection combines with a single-turn pot for fine control. The resultant voltage is displayed on a 4-digit simplified DVM built around a Fairchild 3814 4½ digit DVM controller. For negative values of VC, an opamp polarity inverter circuit is switched in.
The 7A13 uses twelve miniature relays similar to those used in the 7A11. These are very rare. The 7A11 repair report at amplifier.cd describes a possible replacement with a modern component. See also the IK1ZYW link below.
Early 7A13 plug-ins were made with a mechanical counter for reading out the comparison voltage. The plastic gears in this counter don't age well. The plug-in can still be used when the counter fails, by using an external voltmeter to monitor the comparison voltage, Vc. Later 7A13 plug-ins use an LED readout instead of the mechanical counter. The LED readout is much less problematic.
- Amplitude measurements to better than 1%. Tekscope Vol. 2 No. 5, October 1970
- Tek 7A13 @ amplifier.cd
- Tek 7A13 @ barrytech.com
- Tek 7A13 @ radiomuseum.org
- Tek 7A13 broken relays @ IK1ZYW Labs
- Repairing 7A13 relays @ PA4TIM (how to take relays apart, inside photos)